Wet age-related macular degeneration (wAMD) risk factors

  • Age is the single greatest risk factor. The chance of developing AMD increases as a person ages

  • Genetics may put you at a higher risk, especially if immediate family members have AMD

  • AMD in one eye increases the risk of developing AMD in the other eye

  • Smoking can double the risk of developing AMD

  • Obesity increases the progression of early AMD to advanced AMD

  • High blood pressure may increase the risk of developing AMD

  • Women are at slightly higher risk than men

  • Exposure to UV rays

  • Ethnicity, Caucasian individuals are more likely to develop AMD than any other ethnic group

Talk to your doctor and get regular check-ups if you have any of these risk factors for wAMD

wAMD risk factors video-Click to watch a video about the symptoms of wet age-related macular degeneration.

Talk to your doctor and get regular check-ups if you have any of these risk factors for wAMD

Tips for living with wAMD

Reducing glare

When indoors, cover the tops of tables or other shiny surfaces. Yellow clip-on glasses can help as well. When outdoors, dark plum or amber glasses and visors can help.

Decrease your risk

What can you do to decrease your risk of developing wAMD?

  • Quit smoking

  • Maintain a healthy weight

  • Exercise regularly to help maintain a healthy blood pressure. Always talk to your doctor before beginning an exercise program

  • Maintain your weight with a low-fat diet that includes leafy, dark green vegetables, fruits, and foods high in omega-3 fatty acids

  • Take dietary supplements with antioxidants and zinc, which have been shown to reduce the risk of developing wAMD. Talk to your doctor before taking dietary supplements, as they may not be right for you

  • Protect your eyes from UV rays by limiting your time in the sun or wearing sunglasses or hats that shade your eyes

  • Talk to your doctor and get regular check-ups if you have any of the risk factors for AMD

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